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배관공, 배관 기술자, 배관 계약자, 배관 감독자, 배관공, 배수 기술자, 배관 검사관, 배관 견적자, 가스 설치자

작업 설명

Most of us take indoor plumbing for granted because we grew up with it. But many of us still have relatives who were alive when such conveniences were far from common. Indoor plumbing didn’t start to become accessible until the 1930s. Even by 1940, “nearly half of the houses lacked hot piped water, a bathtub or shower, or a flush toilet” in America!

Fast forward to today and we couldn’t imagine life without running water in our homes, schools, and offices. And it’s all thanks to the hard work of Plumbing Installers—skilled tradespeople who specialize in installing and maintaining the pipes, fixtures, and equipment used for water distribution and disposal. They also install and repair heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) units and water heaters.

Their role requires knowledge of complex plumbing systems, the ability to read and interpret blueprints, and a commitment to safety and building code adherence. But their job titles may vary, with some employers using terms like service plumber, commercial plumber, or pipefitter. Whatever term we call them, they work in an indispensable trade that modern society can’t live without. 

경력의 보람있는 측면
  • Job satisfaction from solving problems and ensuring safe, functional water systems
  • Opportunities for independent work and entrepreneurship
  • High demand leading to job security
  • Potential for advancement and specialization
2023년 고용
2033년 예상 고용
인사이드 스쿱
직무 책임

근무 일정

  • Plumbing Installers typically work full-time, with overtime often required to address emergencies or meet deadlines. Work schedules may include evenings and weekends, especially for those who are self-employed or on call. Frequent travel is needed to reach job sites.

일반적인 의무

  • Meet with customers, contractors, construction workers, and electricians to go over projects, timeframes, and budgets
  • Inspect structures to assess material or equipment needs, establish a sequence of pipe installations, or plan around obstructions
  • Review blueprints to determine the layout of systems and materials
  • Estimate time, material, or labor costs. Prepare cost estimates or bids
  • Inspect work sites for obstructions or holes that could cause structural weakness
  • Locate positions for installations, connections, holes, or fixtures
  • Lay out drawings of pipe systems, supports, or related equipment, per blueprints
  • Plan pipe system layout, installation, or repair
  • Select pipe sizes, types, and materials such as supports or hydraulic cylinders
  • Install plumbing systems (pipes, fixtures, sinks, toilets, and water heaters)
  • Inspect existing systems and components. Replace worn parts, as needed
  • Shut off gasses or liquids from pipe sections using valve keys or wrenches
  • Install underground storm, sanitary, or water piping systems
  • Measure, cut, thread, and bend pipe using hand and power tools or machines
  • Attach pipes to walls, structures, or fixtures using brackets, clamps, or welding
  • Anchor steel supports from ceiling joists to hold pipes in place
  • Replace defective washers and open clogged drains
  • Cut openings accommodate pipes or pipe fittings
  • Install fixtures, appliances, or equipment designed to reduce water or energy consumption

추가 책임

  • Fill pipes or fixtures with water or air. Observe pressure gauges to detect leaks
  • Troubleshoot and fix installation issues to ensure systems function correctly
  • Train and mentor junior installers. Direct helpers engaged in pipe cutting, preassembly, or installation of components
  • Adhere to codes and safety standards. Ensure work meets legal requirements
  • Stay up-to-date with technologies and materials to improve efficiency and quality
  • Maintain an accurate inventory of supplies and tools. Order new stock as required
  • Document installation processes. Keep records of materials used for each project
직업에 필요한 기술

소프트 스킬

  • 독립적으로 일할 수있는 능력
  • 세심한주의
  • 비판적 사고
  • 손 재주
  • 영어 능력
  • 융통성
  • 조직
  • 고집
  • 문제 해결
  • 지략
  • Safety consciousness
  • 건전한 판단과 의사 결정
  • 힘과 체력
  • 강력한 의사 소통 기술
  • 시간 관리
  • 시각화

기술 능력

  • Ability to read blueprints/technical diagrams with layout visualization software
  • Proficiency with plumbing tools and equipment (wrenches, pipe cutters, threading machines, and soldering irons)
  • Installing smart plumbing devices (touchless faucets, smart water heaters, etc.)
  • Experience with green plumbing practices and products
  • Expertise in welding and soldering techniques
  • Plumbing inspection technologies for diagnosing hidden pipe issues
  • In-depth knowledge of building codes and regulations
  • Emergency and safety equipment (backflow preventers, gas leak detectors, etc.)
  • HVAC systems and tools
  • Hydraulic calculations to determine water supply needs and pipe and fixture sizing
  • Understanding of water supply and waste management systems (principles of water pressure, venting, and septic system operations)
다양한 유형의 조직
  • 정부
  • 무거운 토목 공학 건설
  • 제조
  • Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors
  • 자영업자
기대와 희생

The job of a Plumbing Installer can be physically demanding at times, working in tight spaces, lifting heavy objects, and being exposed to various environmental conditions. There’s also the ongoing risk of personal injuries from tools, materials, and work environments. Sometimes, installers may have to be “on call” in the event of an emergency, which can lead to long work hours.

In addition to being masters of their trade, Plumbing Installers must be devoted to continuous learning to keep up with new technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), updated building codes, as well as trends such as green plumbing practices. Any serious flaws in their work can lead to potentially hazardous and expensive leaks. 

현재 동향

There’s a high demand for the services of Plumbing Installers in areas experiencing rapid construction growth and where buildings are being retrofitted with modern, efficient systems.

Added to this trend is the growing emphasis on water conservation and sustainable plumbing solutions. Part of these efforts is the increasing use of smart plumbing technology and automation. The integration of IoT in plumbing has revolutionized water systems monitoring and management, allowing for real-time tracking of usage and leak detection, as well as remote control of fixtures. This technology enhances efficiency and convenience while it contributes to reducing unnecessary waste!

이 직업에 종사하는 사람들은 어렸을 때 어떤 종류의 일을 즐겼습니까?

Plumbing Installers are often very analytical and hands-on. They may have enjoyed assembling things in their youth, such as sophisticated LEGO sets or other projects, or they could’ve loved building things in shop class with tools. In addition, they might have had a knack for math.

교육 및 훈련 필요


  • Plumber Installers need at least a high school diploma or GED but don’t need a college degree. They learn their trade via sponsored apprenticeships which can last 4 or 5 years
  1. 견습생은 ~ 2,000 시간의 OJT 및 배관 코드, 적절한 도구 및 장비 사용, 안전 및 적용 가능한 수학 및 물리학과 같은 기술 교육을 포함합니다.
  • 일부 근로자는 다음과 같은 조직의 사전 견습 프로그램에 참여합니다.
  1. 홈 빌더 연구소
  2. 배관 난방 냉각 계약자 협회
  3. 북미 건축 노동 조합
  • In some cases, Plumbing Installers work their way into apprenticeship programs from other entry-level positions
  • 많은 커뮤니티 칼리지와 직업 / 무역 학교는 짧고 저렴한 배관 과정을 제공합니다.
  • Plumbers must pass a state-specific journeyman plumbing test to get licensed. Those who work on gas piping need an additional license
  • 다음을 포함한 수십 가지 선택적 인증 프로그램이 있습니다.
  1. American Society of Plumbing Engineers - Certified in Plumbing Design; Certified Plumbing Design Technician
  2. Association for Materials Protection and Performance - Internal Corrosion Technologist    
  3. International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials - Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester Certification; Service Plumbing Certification; UPC Residential; Commercial Plumbing Inspector; Plumbing Plans Examiner
  4. International Code Council - Plumbing Plans Examiner; Commercial Plumbing Inspector    
  5. National Inspection, Testing and Certification Corporation - IAPMO Plumbing Inspector; Journey Level Pipefitter-Steamfitter; STAR Fire SprinklerFitter Mastery
대학에서 찾아야 할 것들
  • A college degree isn’t required for this field. Students who do take college courses should ensure programs have a good reputation. Review their Better Business Bureau profile and Google Business feedback
  • 수업료, 할인 및 지역 장학금 기회 비용을 고려하십시오 (연방 지원 이외에)
  • Look for courses that can help you develop practical skills
  • 캠퍼스 내, 온라인 또는 하이브리드 프로그램에 등록할지 여부를 결정할 때 일정과 유연성에 대해 생각하십시오.
  • Note, that some training programs may have connections with local employers!
고등학교와 대학에서해야 할 일
  • 고등학교 상점 수업을 듣고 일반적인 도구를 직접 경험하십시오.
  • 사용 방법을 배우는 도구와 장비의 기록을 유지하십시오.
  • Study math topics including basic arithmetic, measurements, geometry, algebra, trigonometry, fractions, proportions and ratios, and percentages
  • Sign up for community college or vocational training classes to learn about plumbing and HVAC equipment installation, maintenance, and repair, plus metalwork, blueprint reading, welding, safety, and CPR/first aid
  1. Safety is a critical topic to study because plumbing work entails hazards such as hot pipes, risk of falling when working from heights, cuts, exposure to chemicals, waste, mold, and other dangers
  • 실제 업무 경험을 쌓기 위해 자원 봉사하거나 파트 타임으로 일하십시오. 이력서나 입사 지원서에 잘 어울릴 것입니다!
  1. Consider offering a helping hand at a local Habitat for Humanity
  • Apply to local pre-apprenticeships or apprenticeship programs when you are ready
  • Learn more about plumbing by studying books, articles, and video tutorials
  • 이 직업의 일상을 포착하는 YouTube 비디오 또는 쇼 시청
  • 운동루틴을 시작하여 힘, 체력 및 유연성을 구축하십시오.
  • 운전 면허증을 취득하여 구직 현장에 갈 수 있습니다.
  • Ask a Plumbing Installer if you can shadow them to learn about day-to-day activities and tools used
일반적인 로드맵
배관 설치 관리자
1차 직장에 입지를 잡는 방법
  • 직업을 얻는 가장 좋은 방법은 자격을 갖추거나 훈련을 받는 것입니다. 필요한 학업 자격이나 업무 경험이 없다면 견습 신청서에 투자할 가치가 있음을 입증하십시오!
  • Work with your school’s program or career center to locate and apply for jobs or apprenticeships
  • Check out sites like Apprenticeship.gov, CareerOneStop, Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration, and Helmets to Hardhats for info on opportunities
  • Sign up for alerts on job portals such as Indeed, Simply Hired, Glassdoor, and Zippia, as well as Craigslist for smaller, local opportunities
  • If you can work part-time in a related field to learn the ropes beforehand, do so! Shadow your mentor or boss, ask questions, and gain skills
  • Call local companies who hire Plumbing Installers or visit their websites for job postings
  • Check out examples of Plumbing Installer resumes, if needed. Include applicable keywords in your resume, such as:
  1. Brazing
  2. 건물 코드
  3. Caulking
  4. Copper Pipe
  5. Dishwashers
  6. Garbage Disposals
  7. 수공구
  8. HVAC
  9. Pipe Installations
  10. Pipe Systems
  11. Plumbing
  12. Potable Water
  13. PVC
  14. Torches
  15. Water Heaters
사다리를 오르는 법
  • Know and comply with safety standards and always wear your protective gear. Nothing angers an employer more than a preventable workplace mishap
  • Be on time for work and prepared for the day’s tasks
  • Master every skill and perform the highest quality of work possible for your customers
  • Take excellent care of your tools and inventory and don’t lose track of items
  • Knock out additional courses, volunteer to attend training, and get certified in advanced or specialized duties
  • 상사와 이야기하십시오! 확률은 풍부한 지식이지만 때로는 직접 묻지 않는 한 정보를 제공하지 않는다는 것입니다.
  • Take the initiative to study technical manuals and learn directly from manufacturers’ representatives when you interact with them
  • 동향 및 개발 상황 읽기
  • Train new workers once you’re qualified. Set the bar high for them and lead by example
계획 B

Plumbing Installers have good career prospects, but the job can be very demanding at times. If you’re curious about some alternative career paths, check out the below-related options!

  • 보일러 제작자
  • Brazer
  • 건설 및 건축 검사관
  • 건설 노동자
  • 건설 관리자
  • 전기 기술자
  • 일반 유지 보수 및 수리 작업자
  • Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanic
  • 산업 기계 정비사
  • 기계 유지 보수 작업자
  • 밀러라이트
  • Water Transportation Worker
  • 웰더

뉴스 피드

온라인 과정 및 도구