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Maintenance Technician, Industrial Mechanic, Maintenance Mechanic, Facilities Technician, Equipment Technician, Plant Maintenance Technician, Maintenance Engineer, Maintenance Electrician, Machine Repair Technician, Service Technician

작업 설명

Roughly 75% of the goods we use are made with the help of industrial machines or processes. From electronics, appliances, and vehicles to furniture, clothing, and toys, we rely on things made by complex machines!

But these machines need constant maintenance to operate efficiently; otherwise, their parts can wear out quickly or they can simply break down. If one machine stops working, it can create a bottleneck that grinds the entire manufacturing process to a halt. When that happens, it’s very expensive for the company, which must pay workers to wait around while that machine gets fixed.  

Such unplanned downtime can “cost a company as much as $260,000 an hour,” according to Aberdeen Research. So it’s no wonder why companies rely on Industrial Maintenance Technicians to ensure operations run smoothly.

The technicians inspect machines and equipment, perform preventative maintenance, and make minor repairs as needed to minimize downtown and maximize productivity. Their work can save companies millions of dollars a year! 

경력의 보람있는 측면
  • Ensuring smooth and efficient operation of industrial equipment
  • Reducing downtime and increasing productivity
  • Being a crucial part of the production process
  • Helping companies maintain profitability so they can stay in business 
2022년 채용 정보
2032년 예상 고용
인사이드 스쿱
직무 책임

근무 일정

  • Industrial Maintenance Technicians work full-time, including shifts that cover nights, weekends, and holidays. Overtime is sometimes required, especially during peak production periods or when urgent repairs are needed.

일반적인 의무

  • Perform routine inspections to ensure machinery is in good working order
  • Use hand and power tools to conduct preventive maintenance aimed at preventing breakdowns
  • Check equipment fluid levels, as necessary
  • Clean, lubricate, and make minor adjustments to machinery, in accordance with manufacturer guidelines
  • Use diagnostic equipment to troubleshoot mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic issues
  • Repair or replace defective, damaged, or worn out parts.
  • Maintain parts inventories
  • Fabricate or grind parts to fit dimensions
  • Perform basic wiring and welding as required
  • Collaborate with other maintenance staff and production team members
  • Assist in the installation of new equipment and machinery, following manufacturer specifications
  • Calibrate and test equipment, if authorized to do so, to ensure optimal operation
  • Provide training to junior technicians and machine operators
  • Keep records of maintenance activities and issues on logs and work orders
  • Ensure compliance with safety regulations and standards to avoid workplace injuries
  • 수리 중이거나 부품을 대기 중인 장비 표시
  • 이동하거나 외부에서 가져와야 하는 조각을 분해합니다.
  • 분해하는 동안 부품을 신중하게 분류하십시오.

추가 책임

  • Order supplies
  • Prepare cost estimates
  • Review technical manuals as needed
  • 공구 및 장비 인벤토리 수행
  • 기계를 테스트하는 데 사용하기 전에 모든 테스트 도구가 올바르게 보정되었는지 확인하십시오.
  • 화학 세정제 준비 및 사용
  • 작업장 사고를 완화하기 위해 모든 안전 프로토콜을 실천하십시오.
  • 필요에 따라 적절한 개인 보호 장비를 착용하십시오.
  • Report machinery statuses and maintenance activities to supervisors
  • Suggest improvements to enhance equipment performance and reliability
  • Stay up-to-date on maintenance techniques, tools, and relevant software 
직업에 필요한 기술

소프트 스킬

  • 적응성
  • 분석
  • 세부 사항에주의
  • 조정
  • 평가 기술
  • 손과 손가락 손재주
  • 독립의
  • 관찰력
  • 조직
  • 끈기
  • 문제 해결
  • 사실적인
  • 힘과 체력
  • 강한 읽기 능력
  • 팀 플레이어
  • 시간 관리

기술 능력

Industrial Maintenance Technicians must be familiar with:

  • Computerized maintenance management systems
  • Diagnostic and precision tools
  • 장비 유지 보수, 교정 및 수리
  • 시설 관리 프로그램
  • Industrial safety regulations
  • 재고 관리 소프트웨어
  • Mechanical and electrical systems
  • Programmable logic controllers
  • 기술 매뉴얼 데이터베이스
  • Technical manuals and blueprints
  • Tools and equipment usage
  • Welding and machining
다양한 유형의 조직
  • Automotive factories
  • 상업 및 산업 수리
  • 건축
  • Energy production facilities
  • Food processing facilities
  • Manufacturing plants
  • Pharmaceutical plants
  • 도매 무역    
기대와 희생

The role of Industrial Maintenance Technicians involves physical labor, working in confined spaces, and being exposed to workplace hazards like noise, smoke, fumes, moving parts, and sharp metal.

Technicians have to stay vigilant to avoid mishaps. They’ve also got to be very knowledgeable about the machines and equipment they work on, so they can keep everything up and running as much as possible.

Since downtime due to breakdowns can be so costly, a lot is riding on the diligence of these workers. They simply can’t afford to lose track of maintenance schedules or to forget to perform some critical preventive fix. When something does go wrong, they’ve got to be ready to address it immediately – or know who to contact to do repairs beyond their scope of duty! 

현재 동향

With advancements in technology, Industrial Maintenance Technicians are increasingly expected to work with sophisticated diagnostic tools and automated machinery.

Predictive maintenance, which uses data analytics to predict equipment failures before they occur, is getting more common every year. Technicians thus have to develop skills in data analysis and digital tools.

At the same time, the rise of automation and smart factories means that Industrial Maintenance Technicians need to be very familiar with programmable logic controllers and other automated systems. This shift is creating new opportunities for those who can combine traditional mechanical skills with knowledge of advanced technology.

이 직업에 종사하는 사람들은 어렸을 때 어떤 종류의 일을 즐겼습니까?

Many Industrial Maintenance Technicians enjoyed tinkering with mechanical devices, fixing bikes, or disassembling gadgets to see how they work. They often had a natural curiosity about how things function, as well as a general knack for problem-solving. High school shop classes, science fairs, and hands-on projects likely played a significant role in their early interest in this career field! 

교육 및 훈련 필요
  • Industrial Maintenance Technicians need a high school diploma or equivalent. A college degree isn’t required
  • Many technicians get started through apprenticeship programs. Some can get hired if they have sufficient relevant experience, and then they just receive On-the-Job training for job-specific tasks
  • Community colleges and technical schools offer certificates or associate degrees in industrial maintenance, mechatronics, and related fields. These can make applicants more competitive and help them qualify for more job opportunities
  1. Relevant educational coursework includes topics such:

          1. Automation and Control Systems

          2. Blueprint Reading

          3. Computer-Aided Design

          4. Electrical Systems

          5. Energy Management Systems

          6. HVAC Systems

          7. Hydraulics and Pneumatics

          8. Industrial Electronics and Robotics

          9. Instrumentation and Measurement

         10. Machine Tool Technology

         11. Material Science And Metallurgy

         12. Mechanical Systems

         13. Preventive Maintenance Strategies

         14. Process Control Systems

         15. Programmable Logic Controllers

         16. Welding

  1. The CMRT exam contains 175 multiple-choice questions and can be taken at over 5,500 testing centers
  2. “The CMRT exam tests competency and knowledge of specific tasks within four domains: Maintenance Practices, Preventative and Predictive Maintenance, Troubleshooting and Analysis, and Corrective Maintenance,” per SMRP
  3. As of 2024, the exam fee cost for SMRP members is $300; for non-members, it’s $470
  • Other popular certifications include:
  1. International Council for Machinery Lubrication - Machine Lubricant Analyst or Technician
  2. International Fluid Power Society - Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Technician
  3. Packaging Machinery Manufacturing Institute - Mechatronics: Fluid Power 1
  4. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) - Hand and Power Tools and general industry courses
  • Due to the importance of the role, technicians might also need to pass a background check and have a valid driver’s license, so they can respond to an after-hours emergency
대학에서 찾아야 할 것들
  • A four-year degree is not needed, but students can take preparatory college classes at a community college or vocational school.
  • Look for accredited programs with plenty of hands-on training components, as well as internships or cooperative education experiences.
  • Compare tuition and fees costs, noting in-state vs. out-of-state costs.
  • Review scholarship and financial aid options.
  • Check out job placement statistics for students who complete the programs.
  • If applying for federal aid Pell Grants, make sure the money can be used to pay the tuition at your particular school of interest.
  • Veterans can look for military-friendly schools that have VA benefit experts to help navigate the system.
고등학교와 대학에서해야 할 일
  • Take applicable classes to learn about simple programming, welding, safe use of hand tools, hydraulics and pneumatics, reading blueprints, doing shop math, and working on electronics
  • Get all the practical experience as you can at school and through part-time jobs or apprenticeships
  • Talk with technicians to learn about their day-to-day work activities
  • Watch YouTube videos and read articles about industrial maintenance
  • Consider extracurricular activities like robotics clubs
  • Pursue a relevant technical training program after finishing high school
  • Build a network of industry contacts and keep in touch with them
Industrial Maintenance Technician Roadmap
Industrial Maintenance Technician Roadmap
1차 직장에 도착하는 방법
  • Review job ads on sites like ZipRecruiter, SimplyHired, Indeed, Monster, and Glassdoor
  • Read the required and preferred skills listed in the job ads
  • Pay attention to the keywords used in job ads, and use them in your resume. Keywords might include:
  1. 블루프린트 읽기
  2. CMMS (Computerized Maintenance Management Systems)
  3. Diagnostics
  4. Electrical Systems
  5. Equipment Installation
  6. HVAC Systems
  7. Hydraulics
  8. Inventory Management
  9. Lean Manufacturing
  10. Machine Calibration
  11. Mechanical Repair
  12. OSHA Compliance
  13. PLC Programming (Programmable Logic Controllers)
  14. Pneumatics
  15. Predictive Maintenance
  16. Preventive Maintenance
  17. Root Cause Analysis
  18. 안전 프로토콜
  19. Welding and Fabrication
  • If applying for an apprenticeship, list any related work experience or skills on your application
  • 수공구 또는 일반 산업에 대한 OSHA 인증 수행 고려
  • Ask people in your network to let you know if they hear about job openings
  • Attend job fairs and industry events to connect with potential employers
  • Ask previous supervisors or teachers to write recommendation letters or request their consent (in advance) to list them as references
  • 인터뷰 중에 업계 동향에 대한 예리한 인식을 보여줍니다.
  • Review resume templates for Industrial Maintenance Technician and check out sample interview questions
  • Run through some mock interviews with friends or your school’s career center
  • 면접을 위한 전문성 있는 복장 
사다리를 오르는 법
  • Let your supervisor know you’re interested in growth opportunities when the time is right. Focus first on the job you were hired for and share your willingness to learn and advance
  • Master your duties then keep learning more! Take advanced courses or complete specialized certifications
  • 장비 및 기계 제조업체에 익숙해져야 할 동향과 새로운 개발에 대해 문의하십시오. 그들이 당신과 가게에 대해 이야기하게되어 기쁠 가능성이 있습니다!
  • Use downtime to study technical manuals
  • Be proactive. Look up answers for yourself but ask questions if something is unclear or you need a hands-on demonstration. Seek out mentorship but prove you can do the work on your own, without assistance
  • 다른 사람들을 적절하게 훈련시키세요, 왜냐하면 그들이 실수를 하면, 그것은 당신이 그들에게 준 훈련에 다시 반영되기 때문입니다.
  • Stress safety and compliance at all times. Be a workplace leader and set an example!
  • Earn a reputation as someone who is reliable and gets the job done right
  • Join professional organizations such as the Society for Maintenance & Reliability Professionals to grow your network and discover new opportunities
  • 규정 변경에 대한 최신 정보를 파악하여 조직이 항상 규정을 준수할 수 있도록 하세요.
계획 B

Industrial Maintenance Technicians are key players in any manufacturing facility. But if you’re curious about other occupations that require similar skills, check out our list below!  

  • Automotive Service Technician and Mechanic
  • 보일러 운영자
  • Control and Valve Installer
  • 전기 및 전자 엔지니어
  • 전기 기술자
  • Electric Motor Repairer
  • Facility Maintenance Manager
  • HVAC 기술자
  • Industrial Engineering Technologist
  • 산업 기계 정비사
  • Machine Feeder
  • Machinist
  • 기계 엔지니어
  • 의료 장비 수리공
  • Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanic
  • 배관공, 배관공 및 스팀피터
  • Production Supervisor
  • Rail Car Repairer
  • Tool Grinder
  • 웰더
  • Wind Turbine Technician
  • 목공 기계 세터

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