위험 폐기물 운영 및 비상 대응(HAZWOPER) 기술자

빌더 아이콘
클립보드 아이콘
관련 직무: 위험 물질 기술자, 위험 폐기물 기술자, 위험 물질 전문가, 위험 물질 대응 기술자, 환경 정화 기술자, 환경 정화 전문가, 화학 물질 유출 대응 기술자.


비슷한 제목

위험 물질 기술자, 위험 폐기물 기술자, 위험 물질 전문가, 위험 물질 대응 기술자, 환경 정화 기술자, 환경 정화 전문가, 화학 물질 유출 대응 기술자

작업 설명

Humans have a knack for creating dangerous substances! From toxic chemicals and corrosives to medical waste, flammable materials, and explosives, the world produces about 400 million tons of hazardous materials every year. That’s about the same weight as a million Empire State Buildings!

Hazardous waste can be produced during the manufacturing of chemicals, petroleum, coal products, pesticides, fertilizer, iron, and steel. It also comes from waste treatment and disposal, radioactive elements, lead, asbestos, radon gas, arsenic, mercury—the list goes on.

With so many occurrences of hazardous materials, we need experts who know how to safely handle them. That’s where Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Technicians (or HAZWOPERs) come in!

These specially-trained pros make sure dangerous substances don’t jeopardize workers, communities, wildlife, and the environment. HAZWOPERs are also called out to respond to incidents and emergencies, where they can help clean up waste sites, manage spills, and contain or neutralize toxic materials!

경력의 보람있는 측면
  • Safely manage and mitigate hazardous material incidents
  • Protect the public, wildlife, and the environment from hazardous substances
  • Acquire valuable skills in emergency response and hazardous waste management
2021 고용
2031년 예상 고용
인사이드 스쿱
직무 책임

근무 일정

HAZWOPERs work full time with overtime common due to emergencies or other incident response.

일반적인 의무

  • Respond to routine and emergency hazardous material incidents. Assess hazardous situations
  • When applicable, measure or test the hazard level posed by materials (such as radiation levels) using monitoring devices
  • Plan and execute procedures for safely managing and cleaning up hazardous materials
  • Work on teams to prevent exposure/contamination during emergency responses or waste operations
  • Prepare containment areas before starting work
  • Neutralize hazardous substances as needed before cleanup
  • Identify and wear the proper personal protective equipment for the situation (i.e., bodysuits, gloves, face shields, breathing apparatus, etc.)
  • Potentially work in confined spaces, at heights, or in inclement weather
  • Use detergents, chemicals, and/or tools to remove harmful materials from affected surfaces
  • Operate machines or vehicles to assist with cleaning, disposal, and transport
  • Mix concrete to encase waste that will be disposed of, as needed
  • Utilize bioremediation practices on substances that bacteria can safely break down
  • Pack, load, transport, or store waste. Follow strict hazardous waste disposal methods and laws
  • Label and track waste to be removed. Maintain documentation and records of where materials are moved
  • Sort at landfills or other sites, as directed; separate waste that could be recycled

추가 책임

  • Keep up-to-date on hazardous materials handling procedures and regulations
  • Comply with organizational, state, and federal policies or regulations regarding safety, ethical, and legal requirements
  1. Examples of federal agencies include the Environmental Protection 
    Agency and Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • Work closely with team leaders and members to ensure the overall job and all tasks are carried out safely and properly 
직업에 필요한 기술

소프트 스킬

  • 능동적 인 듣기
  • 규정 준수 지향
  • 조정
  • 비판적 사고
  • 디테일 지향
  • 모니터링
  • 끈기
  • 계획 및 조직
  • 문제 해결 능력
  • 안전 지향적 인
  • 강력한 의사 소통 기술
  • 건전한 판단
  • 팀워크
  • 시간 관리

기술 능력

  • Familiarity with chemicals including solvents and cleaners
  • Operation of hoists, forklifts, cranes, or trucks and bobcats (if needed)
  • Physical strength and stamina.
  • Safety and emergency response protocols (such as using emergency showers and eyewash stations)
  • Safe use of hand and power tools, such as vacuums, sandblasters, high-pressure sprayers, etc.)
  • Use of appropriate personal protective equipment and related gear
  • Use of hazardous material monitoring equipment
  • 응급 처치/심폐소생술
  • Incident Command System
  • National Incident Management System
  • OSHA lockout/tagout
  • Confined space entry and rescue
  • Knowledge of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
다양한 유형의 조직
  • Chemical plants
  • Construction sites
  • Emergency response service providers
  • 정부 및 환경 기관
  • Hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities
  • Manufacturing facilities
  • Mining operations
  • Oil spill cleanup sites
  • 개인 계약자
  • 개선 및 폐기물 관리 서비스
  • Superfund sites
기대와 희생

Over the decades, there have been numerous environmental disasters involving toxic substances which affected the health and lives of hundreds or even thousands of people. In some cases, exposure can be so bad that it makes an area uninhabitable for years.

That’s why Hazardous Materials Removal Workers are very important jobs, which can involve responding to situations quickly. Shifts can run long when there’s a big, urgent job, and sometimes workers will try to take shortcuts during cleanup efforts. HAZWOPER Technicians, however, must take their time and ensure the job is done right, not only for safety reasons but also because violations can lead to expensive fines.

Obviously, hazardous waste is dangerous, so they also have to follow safety rules closely to avoid personal risk. They’re also expected to neutralize and clean all affected surfaces swiftly and effectively, so waste doesn’t impact other workers, the local community, nearby wildlife, or the environment in general. 

현재 동향

The safe removal of hazardous material is a priority for the Environmental Protection Agency, OSHA, and many other governmental organizations. It’s also a matter of significance to private companies which can be hit with citations and massive fines for failing to comply with proper waste disposal rules.  

For example, in 2023, chemical manufacturer 3M was ordered to pay “$10.3 billion to settle lawsuits over contamination of many U.S. public drinking water systems with potentially harmful compounds.”

In 2021, the State of California sued Walmart for “illegal disposal of hazardous waste” such as “alkaline and lithium batteries, insect killer sprays and other pesticides, aerosol cans, toxic cleaning supplies, electronic waste, latex paints, and LED light bulbs” dumped in landfills.  

Clearly, the pressure is on companies to strictly comply with state and federal regulations designed to protect workers, the public, the environment, and wildlife.

이 직업에 종사하는 사람들은 어렸을 때 어떤 종류의 일을 즐겼습니까?

Hazardous Materials Removal Workers may have enjoyed being outdoors or engaged in physical activities when they were younger. They may have also liked working as part of a team striving toward a common goal such as in sports. 

교육 및 훈련 필요
  • Hazardous Materials Removal Workers must be at least 18 and have a high school diploma or GED
  • Workers don’t need a college degree but must complete a training course based on OSHA standards
  • Employers determine the appropriate number of training hours (usually at least 40) covering:
  1. Site Safety and Health Personnel
  2. Hazards Identification
  3. Personal Protective Equipment
  4. Minimizing Risk Work Practices
  5. Safe Use of Controls and Equipment
  6. Medical Surveillance
  7. Safety and Health Plan Contents
  • Training programs must meet OSHA’s HAZWOPER standards. Many classes can be done online, but some might require a practical, hands-on component
  • Additional training is needed for respirator wear, nuclear materials, OSHA lockout/tagout, confined space entry and rescue, and other special areas
  1. Managers and supervisors must also complete extra training
  2. Related work experience, such as in construction, may help HAZWOPERs learn faster
  • 석면이나 납과 같은 특정 폐기물을 취급하거나 운송하려면 주에서 발급하는 허가증 또는 면허가 필요합니다. 이러한 허가/면허를 취득하려면 일반적으로 시험에 합격하고 지속적인 수업을 수강해야 합니다.
  • Workers may need to learn how to operate hoists, forklifts, cranes, or trucks. Training is usually provided
  • HAZWOPERs use various hand and power tools, such as vacuums, sandblasters, high-pressure sprayers, etc. Training is usually provided
  • 응급 처치/심폐소생술
  • Some positions may require knowledge of the Incident Command System and National Incident Management System
  • 선택적 인증에는 다음이 포함됩니다.
  1. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration - Hazardous Material Endorsement
  2. Institute of Hazardous Materials Management - Certified Hazardous Materials Practitioner
  3. International Board for Certification of Safety Managers - Certified Hazard Control Manager
대학에서 찾아야 할 것들
  • HAZWOPERs don’t need a college degree. Training is often provided by employers and through applicable governmental agencies, as needed. However, students can sign up for courses in hazardous materials management and waste technology at a community college or vocational/trade school if they want to pursue a certificate or associate degree. Courses and programs should meet OSHA requirements.
  • Those who want to qualify for higher-level positions may earn a bachelor’s in hazmat management or environmental science later. 
고등학교와 대학에서해야 할 일
  • 고등학교 수학 및 화학 수업에 집중하고 팀워크와 프로젝트 관리에 대해 배울 수 있는 학생 활동에서 자원봉사를 하세요.
  • Take shop classes to get used to working with hand and power tools or snag a part-time job in construction
  • Volunteer for construction projects in your community, such as with Habitat for Humanity
  • Engage in a physical exercise program to develop the strength and stamina needed for this job
  • Learn the various types of hazmat environments and career options. Try to decide which area you want to work in
  • Review job postings and look for opportunities in your area that provide training
  • Consider going a Hazardous Materials Removal Workers apprenticeship
  • 필요한 경우, 직업 학교나 커뮤니티 칼리지에서 위험물 관련 수업이나 자격증을 취득하여 자격을 강화하세요.
  • 근로자는 유효한 운전면허증을 소지해야 할 수 있으므로 운전면허증이 없는 경우 면허증을 취득하기 위해 공부하고 시험에 응시하는 것이 좋습니다.
일반적인 로드맵
유해 폐기물 운영 및 비상 대응 기술자 로드맵
1차 직장에 도착하는 방법
  • Employers may provide all training necessary, but some want workers with prior experience or specialized certifications
  • Get practical work experience under your belt before applying, if possible. Jobs related to construction, cleaning, or working with tools and equipment will look good on an application!
  • 위험 물질 또는 건설과 관련된 견습 기회를 찾아보세요.
  • Check out job portals such as Indeed, Simply Hired, and Glassdoor, as well as Craigslist or the career pages of organizations you’re interested in working for
  • Let your network know you are looking for work. Many job opportunities are still discovered through personal connections and word-of-mouth!
  • 이전 상사 및 동료에게 개인 추천인 역할을 해줄 수 있는지 물어보세요.
  • You might not need a resume to apply, but check out HAZWOPER Technician resume templates to get ideas
  • Study Hazardous Materials Removal Worker interview questions to prepare for those interviews
  • The day-to-day work attire for hazmat workers isn’t fancy, but dress professionally for job interviews!
  • 운전면허가 없는 경우, 자동차를 운전해야 하는 업무가 많으므로 운전면허가 필요할 수 있습니다.
사다리를 오르는 법
  • 상사와 승진 경로에 대해 이야기하세요. 승진을 위해 필요한 단계를 밟을 의향이 있음을 상사에게 알리세요.
  • Actively seek out a mentor who can help develop your career
  • HAZWOPERs may get promoted after gaining enough experience and completing OSHA supervisor training
  • Complete advanced certifications when the time is right
  1. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s Hazardous Material Endorsement
  2. Institute of Hazardous Materials Management’s Certified Hazardous Materials Practitioner
  • If you don’t have one, consider earning a bachelor’s or master’s degree
  • Acquire high-tech skills in digital tools and technologies such as 
    Geographic Information Systems or data analysis software
  • 발전에 도움이 될 수 있는 도구, 장비 또는 차량의 작동 방법을 배우도록 요청하세요.
  • Volunteer to tackle a complex or high-visibility project
  • Try to work in various settings, such as government agencies, private industries, or non-profits, to broaden your experience. But also seek to specialize in a high-demand area, like industrial waste management, emergency response, or toxic materials handling
  • Build trust by taking your job seriously, following protocols, setting an example when it comes to safety, and demonstrating that you’re ready for more responsibility
  • 팀에서 효과적으로 협업하고 리더십을 발휘하세요.
  • 일부 직무에는 주정부에서 발급하는 허가증 또는 면허가 필요하므로 가능한 한 빨리 허가증/면허증을 취득하세요.
  • Grow your professional network by joining unions and other organizations. Go to workshops or seminars. Write articles for industry journals
계획 B

Being a HAZWOPER means long hours, a lot of compliance with safety protocols, and potential exposure to harmful waste which can have long-term health effects. It’s an important job but may not be right for everyone.

If you want to explore a few related occupations, the Bureau of Labor Statistics suggests the following:

  • 건설 노동자    
  • 소방수
  • 단열 작업자    
  • Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operator
  • Ordnance Handling Expert
  • Highway Maintenance Worker
  • Recycling and Reclamation Worker
  • Refuse and Recyclable Material Collector
  • Septic Tank Servicer and Sewer Pipe Cleaner

You may also be interested in environmental careers such as:

  • Brownfield Redevelopment Specialist
  • 보존 과학자
  • 건설 및 건축 검사관
  • Environmental Compliance Inspector
  • Environmental Engineering Technologist
  • Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Officer
  • 환경 안전 기술자
  • 환경 과학자
  • 화재 검사관
  • Geological Technicians
  • Hazardous Waste Technician
  • 보건 및 안전 엔지니어
  • 수 문학자    
  • Industrial Hygienist
  • Materials Scientist
  • 미생물 학자    
  • 광업 및 지질 공학자
  • Occupational Health and Safety Specialist
  • Public Health Officer
  • Security Manager
  • 수처리/폐수 엔지니어
  • Water Resource Specialist
  • 야생 생물 학자

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