항공우주 엔지니어

빌더 아이콘
퍼즐 아이콘
Related roles: Aeronautical Engineer, Aerospace Engineer, Aerospace Stress Engineer, Avionics Engineer, Design Engineer, Flight Controls Engineer, Flight Test Engineer, Structural Analysis Engineer, Systems Engineer, Test Engineer


비슷한 제목

Aeronautical Engineer, Aerospace Engineer, Aerospace Stress Engineer, Avionics Engineer, Design Engineer, Flight Controls Engineer, Flight Test Engineer, Structural Analysis Engineer, Systems Engineer, Test Engineer

작업 설명

The world as we know it would be dramatically different without the work of Aerospace Engineers. No more airplanes for passengers to travel easily to any place on Earth. No more satellites to aid with communications, navigation, environmental monitoring, and national defense. And, of course, no more space exploration, either. Even though we might sometimes fail to remember the contributions of Aerospace Engineers to modern society, we'd certainly notice if we didn’t have them!

Broadly speaking, workers in this field specialize in either aeronautical (i.e., commercial or military aircraft and propulsion systems) or astronautical (missiles and spacecraft, including satellites) engineering. Although there are many differences between the two specialties, there are many shared principles of physics that apply to both. 

There are several subareas in which Aerospace Engineers might specialize, such as materials, aerodynamic fluid flow, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, structural design, navigation, guidance and control, propulsion, combustion, and more. Aerospace Engineering is an extremely diverse field and it’s considered one of the hardest engineering majors to tackle. But the job outlook is strong, the pay is impressive, and job satisfaction rates fly high!

경력의 보람있는 측면
  • Empowering space exploration   
  • Enabling people to travel around the world for business or personal reasons
  • Ensuring accurate navigational capabilities via satellites
  • Great income potential
  • Sense of accomplishment 
  • Working in a dynamic field that impacts almost everyone 
  • Working with technologies to determine hazardous weather conditions so affected residents can be warned in advance
2021 고용
2031년 예상 고용
인사이드 스쿱
직무 책임

근무 일정

  • Aerospace Engineers usually work full-time, with overtime needed in some cases to ensure projects are completed within timeframes and that work meets design and performance standards. 

일반적인 의무

  • Review technical proposals to determine viability, safety, budgetary considerations, and compliance with environmental policies
  • Determine if the company can fully meet customer requirements 
  • Oversee the lifecycle of aircraft/aerospace parts, equipment, and vehicles from design to fabrication, manufacturing, and testing
  • Analyze product designs against aerospace engineering principles
  • Research vendors and suppliers to source the most suitable solutions 
  • Set quality assurance and testing standards and ensure designs meet the criteria
  • Establish completion timeframes and track progress
  • Design products and systems using math models or computer analysis
  • Run tests and experiments to ensure prototypes function per specification while withstanding anticipated stressors
  • Investigate problems, perform diagnostics, troubleshoot and inspect parts or products that don’t operate within parameters due to malfunction or damage
  • Write reports and maintain documentation and records
  • Study aerospace impacts on the environment and continue to find ways to reduce emissions 
  • Evaluate the viability of alternative fuels 

추가 책임

  • Research and develop new aerospace technologies and potential capabilities
  • 필요에 따라 다른 팀원을 교육하고 감독합니다.
  • 업계 변화 및 기술 발전에 대한 최신 정보 유지
  • 전문 조직 행사에 참석하여 정보를 공유하고 다른 사람들로부터 배웁니다.
직업에 필요한 기술

소프트 스킬

  • Activities Coordination 
  • 분석 
  • 세부 사항에주의
  • 비즈니스 통찰력
  • 합작 
  • 창조성
  • 비판적 사고
  • 결정적인
  • 연역적 및 귀납적 추론
  • 디테일 지향
  • 독립의
  • 모니터링 
  • 목표
  • 조직
  • 환자
  • 통찰력 
  • 문제 해결
  • 독 
  • 안전 지향
  • 강력한 의사 소통 기술
  • 시각화 

기술 능력

  • Aerospace design principles
  • Applied physics
  • 컴퓨터 지원 설계
  • Engineering and technology 
  • Knowledge of fabrication and manufacturing
  • 기계적 적성
  • Operations analysis
  • Strong science and math skills (including algebra, linear algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and statistics)
조직 유형
  • Aerospace product and parts manufacturing    
  • 엔지니어링 서비스    
  • 우편 서비스를 제외한 연방 정부    
  • Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments manufacturing    
  • Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences
다양한 유형의 조직
  • Aerospace products, parts, and related fields of manufacturing
  • Defense contractors (such as Boeing, Airbus, Lockheed Martin, General Dynamics, GE Aviation, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon, etc.) 
  • 엔지니어링 서비스
  • Government agencies (such as NASA, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Reconnaissance Office. U.S. Air Force, U.S. Space Force, etc.)
  • Private companies (such as SpaceX, Blue Origin, Virgin Galactic, etc.) 
  • 연구 개발 센터
기대와 희생

In the realm of Aerospace Engineering, the stakes are sky-high! The safety of countless people rests in the hands of these experts responsible for the planes we fly in—or that fly over our heads! 

They are entrusted to ensure safe rocket and missile launches and to develop aircraft capable of deterring foreign militaries. Because of the sensitive nature of their work, Aerospace Engineers frequently need to obtain a security clearance requiring a background check. In addition, they must maintain their clearances through good personal conduct, managing debt, avoiding conflicts of interest or security violations, and staying away from drug or alcohol-related incidents (to name only a few of the behaviors that impact one’s security clearance and jeopardize employability). 

A common sacrifice in this field is the possible need for frequent moves. The aerospace industry can experience ups and downs depending on demand and economic factors. 2017 saw top companies in the industry laying off engineers to cut costs, causing many workers to have to relocate to find jobs. Sometimes workers might even move overseas to find suitable jobs for their unique skills. 

현재 동향

Automation is ubiquitous and the aerospace industry is taking full advantage. Thanks to automation technologies and processes, workplace hazards related to aerospace manufacturing can be reduced, allowing human workers to focus on safer tasks. This trend is projected to continue, which means engineers must stay on top of how automation might affect their work tasks. 

Another trend impacting pretty much every industry is the push for environmentally-friendlier business. Per the BBC, “around 2.4% of global CO2 emissions come from aviation.” Combined with other gasses and vapor trails, research indicates aviation accounts for ~5% of global warming. That’s why the industry continues to seek lighter, stronger materials which lead to less aircraft fuel consumption and fewer emissions. 

A third major change seems to be the increased outsourcing of engineering services to speed up overall manufacturing times while boosting quality for specific components. Any time work is outsourced, engineers need to take notice of how it impacts their own jobs in the short and long-term.

이 직업에 종사하는 사람들은 어렸을 때 어떤 종류의 일을 즐겼습니까?

The love of flying and space exploration has inspired countless Aerospace Engineers to take up this exciting field of study and join the storied ranks of its accomplished figures. In their youth, these would-be engineers may have been aviation buffs as well as science fiction fans eager to become part of something bigger, to contribute to the legacy of aeronautical and astronautical achievements. They might have wondered if one day they could join the aerospace community to work on the next technological innovation that would revolutionize the world. As engineers, they likely enjoyed tinkering with things, learning how mechanical objects worked and perhaps figuring out how to improve them.

교육 및 훈련 필요
  • Aerospace Engineers need an ABET-accredited bachelor’s in aerospace engineering or a closely related engineering field
  • Many students opt to pursue a dual bachelor’s/master’s which can save time and money
  • Common classes to expect may include:
    • Acoustics
    • Aerodynamics
    • Celestial mechanics
    • Combustion
    • Guidance and control
    • 계측
    • Materials
    • Mechanics
    • Navigation
    • Propulsion
    • 로봇공학
    • Thermodynamics
  • Many programs partner with local businesses in the industry to offer internships and cooperative experiences that boost student understanding and develop practical skills 
  • Optional certifications are available, depending on academic and work prerequisites: 
  • Some aerospace employers, especially in the defense sector, require workers to pass a thorough background check and obtain a security clearance
    • Citizenship may be needed for some clearance situations
대학에서 찾아야 할 것들
  • 수업료, 할인 및 지역 장학금 기회 비용을 고려하십시오 (연방 지원 이외에)
  • Think about your schedule and flexibility when deciding whether to enroll in an on-campus, online, or hybrid program. Many Aerospace Engineering concepts are best learned in-person 
  • 프로그램의 교수진 상과 업적을 확인하여 그들이 무엇을 했는지 확인하십시오.
  • If attending on campus, look at the program’s facilities and equipment 
  • 취업 알선 통계 및 프로그램의 동문 네트워크에 대한 세부 정보를 검토하십시오. 
고등학교와 대학에서해야 할 일
  • Volunteer for school activities where you can learn to work effectively as a team and manage projects 
  • Sign up for HS classes in chemistry, physics, advanced math, computer programming, drafting, and writing
  • Look for internships and cooperative experiences in college
  • Gain part-time work experience in a manufacturing facility to learn about operations
  • 미래의 직업 추천서가 될 수있는 사람들의 이름과 연락처 정보를 적어 두십시오. 
  • Study books, articles, and video tutorials related to different aspects of Aerospace Engineering
    • Aerospace engineering is a broad discipline so do your research to specialize in a field that is right for you
    • Pin down the area a specialization as soon as possible to tailor your education accordingly
    • Compile a list of potential employers, then review their website career pages
  • Talk to seasoned engineers about how they got started and what their day-to-day is like
  • Join professional organizations to learn, share, make friends, and grow your network (see our list of Resources > Websites)
  • Finish relevant certifications when you can, to bolster credentials and make you more competitive in the job market
  • 이력서 초안 작성을 일찍 시작하고 진행하면서 계속 추가하여 아무 것도 놓치지 않도록 하십시오.
일반적인 로드맵
Aerospace Engineer Gladeo Roadmap
1차 직장에 입지를 잡는 방법
  • Tell your network you are ready to work!
  • Make a profile on job portals such as Indeed, Simply Hired, Glassdoor, Zippia, and relevant professional organization job boards
  • Look for jobs related to your area of specialization. Screen ads carefully and only apply if you’re fully qualified
  • Tailor your resume to the job you’re applying for, versus sending out the same resume to every employer
  • Aerospace-related apprenticeships or cooperative experiences can help get your foot in the door. They look great on resumes plus may yield some personal references for later. You might even get a job offer from that company in the future!
  • Reach out to working Aerospace Engineers to ask for job-seeking tips
  • Move to where the most job opportunities are! Figure out where the top employers are primarily based
    • The states with the highest employment level for Aerospace Engineers are California, Texas, Florida, Washington, and Alabama
  • Many big companies recruit grads from local programs, so ask your college’s program or career center for help connecting with recruiters and job fairs
    • They might also offer assistance with resume writing and mock interviewing
  • Review Aerospace Engineer resume templates to get ideas for wording and formats
  • 이력서에 모든 교육, 기술, 훈련 및 경력 나열
  • Consider having your resume drafted or reviewed by a professional resume writer or editor 
  • 전직 교사 및 상사에게 추천인 역할을 해줄 수 있는지 미리 물어보세요. 허락 없이 연락처 정보를 기재하여 상대방의 방심을 사지 마세요.
  • Study Aerospace Engineer interview questions to see what you might be asked
  • Quora에 계정을 만들어 현장 근로자에게 직업 조언 질문을하십시오.
  • Dress appropriately for job interview success
사다리를 오르는 법
  • Depending on the type of promotion you want, a Professional Engineering license could help. This involves passing two exams — the Fundamentals of Engineering and Professional Engineering, in addition to holding an ABET-accredited bachelor’s plus four years of work experience
  • Stay on top of the changes in technology through online courses, a master’s degree, or advanced certifications
  • Build your reputation as an engineer who is accurate, accountable, reliable, and innovative
  • Learn all you can from more senior engineers. Develop the mindset of a lifelong learner 
  • Make strong connections within the company as well as with business partners, stakeholders, and the industry at large
  • Demonstrate leadership as well as teamwork, depending on the situation. Raise the bar high and set an example for others to follow
  • Stay engaged with professional organizations by giving lectures at events, publishing articles, and contributing to the field
  • Win awards that can help enhance your professional reputation
  • 상사 또는 관리자와의 대화를 예약하여 승진 기회에 대해 논의하세요.
  • If needed, consider applying to new jobs with more promotion potential. You might even have to be willing to move to a new state…or new country!
계획 B

As with all engineering jobs, the role of the Aerospace Engineer is highly challenging and features high stakes. The personal rewards and spirit of accomplishment can be great, but the job’s simply not for everyone. The Bureau of Labor Statistics lists a few related occupations to think about, for those who still want to explore engineering career paths. 

  • Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technologists
  • 건축 및 엔지니어링 관리자
  • 컴퓨터 하드웨어 엔지니어
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists
  • 전기 및 전자 엔지니어
  • 산업 엔지니어
  • 재료 엔지니어
  • 기계 엔지니어

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